Ker-Xavier Roussel (French 1867-1944)
Ker-Xavier Roussel was a French painter associated with Les Nabis.
Born François Xavier Roussel in Lorry-les-Metz, Moselle in 1867, at age fifteen he studied at the Lycee Condorcet in Paris; alongside his friend Edouard Vuillard, he also studied at the studio of painter Diogene Maillart. In 1888, he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and soon began frequenting the Academie Julian where Maurice Denis and other students formed the group Les Nabis.
He is best known for paintings of French landscapes usually depicting women, children, nymphs, and fauns in bucolic settings. In 1899, Roussel, Vuillard, and his another close friend, Pierre Bonnard, traveled to Lake Como, Venice, and Milan.
Roussel is mentioned in Gertrude Steins Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, Chapter 3. There she recounts an exchange he had with Theodore Duret in Vollards shop at an uncertain date after 1904. Roussel complained of the lack of recognition that he and the other Nabi painters had to contend with. Duret consoled him by pointing out his incompatibility with the manners and fashions of the bourgeois world and the differences between "art" and "official art".
In 1926, Ker-Xavier Roussel won the Carnegie Prize for art.
Ker-Xavier Roussel died in 1944 at his home in L Etang-la-Ville, Yvelines.