Anders Leonard Zorn (Swedish 1860-1920)
Anders Zorn was one of Swedens foremost artists who obtained international success as a painter, sculptor and printmaker.
Zorn was born in the parish of Yvraden, in Mora, Dalarna. He was raised on his grandparents farmyard in Yvraden, studying at the age of twelve in the school at Morastrand and progressing during the autumn of 1872 to a secondary grammar school in Enköping.
He studied at Royal Swedish Academy of Arts in Stockholm, Sweden, from 1875-1880. He traveled extensively to London, Paris, the Balkans, Spain, Italy and the United States, becoming an international success as one of the most acclaimed painters of his era. While his early works were often brilliant, luminous watercolors, by 1887 he had switched firmly to oils. Zorn painted portraits, scenes depicting rustic life and customs. Zorn is also famous for his nude paintings and realistic depictions of water.
It was primarily his skill as a portrait painter that gained Zorn international acclaim based principally upon his incisive ability to depict the individual character of his model. His subjects included three American Presidents, one of whom was Grover Cleveland in 1899. At 29, he was made Chevalier of the Legion d honneur at the Exposition Universelle 1889 Paris World Fair.
His art made him wealthy and he was thus able to build up a considerable collection of art. The objects were not only bought in his native country but also during the many travels he made abroad. In their joint will, Anders and Emma Zorn donated their entire holdings to the Swedish State.
Some of his most important works can be seen at the National Museum of Fine Arts in Stockholm. Among them is Midsummer Dance (1897), a depiction of dancers in the evening light of a rural Midsummer Eve celebration. Other museums holding major works by Zorn include the Musée d Orsay in Paris, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The Zorn Collections (Swedish:Zornsamlingarna) located in Mora, is a museum dedicated to the works of Anders Zorn. It was designed by Ragnar Östberg and opened in 1939.
In 1886, Anders Zorn and his wife Emma, had bought land close to Mora church and here they moved a cottage from his maternal grandfathers farm. When Anders and Emma Zorn decided to return to Sweden after several years abroad, they began to enlarge the cottage. Zorngarden was completed in 1910.
Zorngarden remains today much as it was at the time of Emma Zorns death in 1942. It is a fine example of an artists home from the turn of the century. With inspiration from English and Swedish architecture, it is today an excellent example of the architectural freedom that characterizes the years around 1900.
The main part of Zorngarden consists of Zorns home and a museum with his art, but there are two other museums that also are part of the Zorn Collection. Gammelgarden is in the southern part of Mora and consists of 40-something timber houses that Zorn bought to make sure that the old art of building such houses would not be forgotten. Gopsmor, Zorns refuge when the pressure got too high, is in the municipality of Alvdalen and is only open for visitors in July.